09 JUNE 2020
The National Institute for Health Development introduced a newer version of the database statistika.tai.ee (available in Estonian and English) when publishing health statistics – the database with the updated design retained the current structure, but the search function and overall stability got improved. The implementation of the new version is necessary to ensure that the data is always available.
The statistics is gathered from the medical registers of the institute, health statistics collected from health care providers, health behaviour surveys and other institutions that process health-related data. The new version of the database contains all the data that was available in the previous one.
The database already contains 1724 tables, which gives an overview of Estonian health sector and people’s health status. The data are grouped by areas:
- use of health services and reasons for treatment,
- health resources and their use,
- health and health behaviour,
- statistics on medicines,
- data for health profiles, and
- statistics on Estonian National Health Information System.
The search now works over the database – previously it was only topic-based, which hindered finding of the needed data. There are two ways to find the data you want, either by browsing the structure of the database tree and finding a topic of interest, or by entering a search term or the code of a specific table into the search box. In order for the search, it is recommended to add an asterisk at the end of the abbreviated search term (e.g. alco*, which finds keywords as alcohol, alcoholic, etc).
As before, the database allows to compile data tables, to organise the data between rows and columns as needed and to download them in a suitable format. In addition to tables, you can create various graphs and save them. The data in the database is machine readable (API capability).
The release calendar informs about the release times of new statistics. The data of new cases of malignant neoplasms has the longest time series currently – data have been published since 1968. The most recent topic in the database is the harm reduction service’ statistics that was released in January, and new data will be added every quarter.
05 JUNE 2020
There were a total of 24,740 health care workers in Estonia in November 2019, and their number has grown by an average of 2 percent per year since 2013. The number of family nurses has grown steadily over the past five years, according to the newly published data of the National Institute for Health Development.
In 2019, there were 3.5 physicians and 6.2 nurses per thousand inhabitants in Estonia, i.e. an average of 1.8 nurses per one physician. "In comparison with European countries, we are close to average in terms of number of physicians and among the countries where there are significantly fewer nurses than average in terms of nurses," explained Katrin Tomson, an analyst at the Department of Health Statistics.
4603 physicians worked last year in Estonia and it has grown by an average of 0.6% per year over the last five years. The average age of physicians, 51 years, has not changed.
The data of health care workers can be found in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database in the section “Health care resources and their use”, by selecting the link “Health care personnel”. The data of the hospitals of the Hospital Network Development Plan can be found under the link “Hospital Network Development Plan hospitals” and the data of health care institutions can be found under the link “Health care providers”.
25 MAY 2020
According to the Estonian Causes of Death Registry in the National Institute for Health Development, there were 15,198 deaths in Estonia last year, which is 408 less than a year earlier. The standardised mortality rate per 100,000 population decreased from 1,179 to 1,125.
Slightly over half of all deaths – 7,678 – were caused by diseases of the circulatory system, including 3,040 men and 4,638 women. The following causes of death were malignant neoplasms, in which 3,804 people died last year, and injuries and poisonings, which resulted in 786 deaths – 560 men and 226 women.
Data on causes of death are published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database. Statistics by people's last place of residence will be published in the near future.
The use of health care services by Estonians in Europe and the treatment of foreigners in Estonia decreased to some extent in 2019
26 MAY 2020
In 2019, health care providers from other European countries submitted bills for nearly 8.6 million euros to the Estonian Health Insurance Fund (EHIF) for the health care services of Estonian insured persons or Estonian pensioners and workers temporarily staying in the country. This amount was 14% less than in 2018. In this way, the medical bills were paid for more than 7,500 Estonian people a year (in 2018 it was over 8,700).
In the same time, more than 6,300 insured people from European countries used Estonian health care services, which was one tenth less than in 2018.
The EHIF's 2019 statistics on the use of health care services by Estonian insured persons in European countries and on the treatment of foreigners in Estonia were added to the Health Statistics and Health Research Database. It is worth noting that the statistics presented here do not include data provided under scheduled treatment or the "Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the application of patients' rights in cross-border healthcare".
19 MAY 2020
In 2019, 151 tuberculosis (TB) cases were registered in Estonia, 127 of them were new cases, 21 cases were relapses and 3 were retreatment cases, according to the statistics of the tuberculosis registry published today. For comparison, 147 cases of TB were registered in 2018 and 175 in 2017.
Of the patients, 103 were men and 48 were women. The oldest patient was 97 years old and the youngest was 1 year old.
The notification rate (new cases and retreatment cases) of tuberculosis per 100,000 people in 2019 was 11.4 and the incidence rate was 9.6.
In comparison with the countries of the European Union, the indicators of 2018 can be used: the average incidence rate of tuberculosis per 100,000 people was 10.2 in Europe and 11.1 in Estonia.
Estonia is becoming one of the countries with a low incidence of tuberculosis, the main problem is the high proportion of drug-resistant forms. In 2019, a total of 27 cases of multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB were registered, including 17 new cases of MDR-TB, which is 16% of new cases of culture positive pulmonary tuberculosis. This proportion is one of the highest in Europe.
Tuberculosis statistics are published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.