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Last year, more children were born in Estonia

12 JUNE 2019

According to the data of the Estonian Medical Pregnancy Information System of the National Institute for Health Development in 2018, a total of 14,281 children were born in Estonia, which is 606 more than year before. The number of abortion performed according to a woman's request decreased.

Data for births and abortions are published in health statistics and health research database.



The use of health care services in European countries by Estonian insured patients has increased, but the treatment of foreigners in Estonia remain at the same level

23 MAY 2019

In 2018, health care providers from other European countries submitted invoices to the Estonian Health Insurance Fund for the health services of Estonian insured persons or Estonian pensioners and workers temporarily staying there for nearly 10 million euros, which is nearly 40% more than a year earlier. The number of Estonian patients in other European countries has been the highest in Finland, followed by Germany.
Overall, people insured in Estonia received treatment in 30 European countries. While health care services were the most widely used in Germany in 2015 and 2016, then in 2017 and 2018 the majority of medical bills came from Finland.
The data exclude data provided under scheduled treatment or directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the application of patients’ rights in cross-border healthcare, which, in addition to the 10 million mentioned above, represent about another 10 million euros.
In turn, nearly 7,000 insured people from European countries used Estonian health care services per year, and this size has remained stable over the past four years. The people who were insured in Finland received the most treatment in Estonia – there were over 4,000 of them.
The data are published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database of the National Institute for Health Development.

See the vizualized data here of treatment cases of insured people in Estonia from European countries.



Statistics of tuberculosis 2018

16 MAY 2019

Overview of new cases, relapses and retreatment cases of tuberculosis in 2018 is published in Health Statistics and Health Research database. Preliminary data of treatment outcome of tuberculosis in 2018 is also available. In 2018, total of 147 cases of tuberculosis was registered in Estonia. In 2017, the number was 175. 

The tuberculosis notification rate (new cases and retreatment cases) per 100,000 population was 11.1 and incidence rate (new cases) per 100 000 population was 9.2 in 2018.



Causes of death 2018

27 MAY 2019

According to the National Institute for Health Development's Causes of Death Register, 15,606 deaths were in Estonia last year, of which more than half were caused by diseases of circlatory system, followed by malignant neoplasms, injuries and poisoning.

Although the number of deaths increased by 164 compared to previous year, then the standardized mortality rate per 100,000 people decreased.
Of all the deaths, 7957 were caused by diseases of the circulatory system (3154 men and 4803 women). A year earlier it was 8005 people. The most common were ischaemic heart disease and hypertension, and cerebrovascular diseases.
The causes of death were followed by malignant neoplasms (3900 people). The most common was lung cancer.
821 people died due to injuries, traumas and poisoning, including 614 men and 207 women.
The number of deaths caused by the use of drugs decreased from 110 to 39 compared to 2017. The main reasons for the decline were the decrease in the availability of fentanyl in the Estonian drug market in 2018, the availability of the social program SÜTIK (socialization of addicts with the support) and the naloxone programme.
A total of 495 people died last year due to illnesses directly related to alcohol, including 113 women and 382 men, the most among people of 45–70 years old. A year before, 451 people died from alcohol abuse and intoxication.

Data is published in health statistics and health research database.





Hospitals' emergency department patients, 2018

15 MAY 2019

The data about emergency medical care of 2018 is published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.
The total number of patients who visited the Emergency Department (ED) increased by 4% in 2018 compared to 2017. The increase has occurred both among children as well as adults – 2.5% and 4%, respectively. In 2018, 492,312 persons turned to ED, i.e. an average of 1,350 persons a day.
In 2018, 19 hospitals provided emergency medical care. The number of emergency patients increased the most in general hospitals, by 8.5% compared to the previous year. In regional and central hospitals, the increase was smaller – 2.5% and 3%, respectively.

As in the previous years, patients turned to ED mostly themselves (73% of patients). One fifth of patients were brought to emergency care by ambulance car, 6% were referred from other medical institutions. The rest, about 2% of patients, were brought by the police, called back by ED if, for example, the patient's health condition had worsened, or a recurring procedure was needed, or hospital's own healthcare staff needed emergency care. The number of patients directed from other medical institutions or arrived in other ways decreased.

Most patients of emergency care were sent home after first aid (81%) and one fifth of patients remained in hospital.

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