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The number of diagnoses of mental and behavioural disorders increased last year

13 SEPTEMBER 2017

Despite the decrease in the number of visits to a psychiatrist as well as in the number of patients, more mental and behavioural disorders were diagnosed in 2016 than a year ago.

According to the data collected from psychiatric service providers, there were 99,388 persons consulted for the first time or repeatedly by psychiatrists in 2016, i.e. almost 2% less than in 2015. Since 2013 the number of psychiatrists’ patients has been steadily decreasing.

According to the preliminary data, there were 247,000 outpatient visits to a psychiatrist in Estonia in 2016, i.e. 2.7 visits per case of mental or behavioural disorder on average (2.8 visits per case in 2015). Usually more women than men visit a psychiatrist, but among 0–14 year old patients there are twice as many boys as girls.

91,033 persons were diagnosed with a mental or behavioural disorder, i.e. 3.3% more than in 2015. The rest of persons consulted by a psychiatrist were found to be healthy or were diagnosed with the diseases of the nervous system. 25,732 new cases of mental and behavioural disorders were registered (2.7% more than a year ago). In recent years the number of persons directed to hospital treatment has been decreasing and compared to 2015 there was 5% less hospitalized persons in 2016. The average duration of treatment was 18 days.

The most frequently diagnosed mental and behavioural disorders are neurotic and stress-related disorders, and mood disorders (including depression), which were diagnosed accordingly in 24% and 21% of cases. A third of new cases were diagnosed as neurotic and stress-related disorder: the incidence rates were 5 cases per 1000 men and almost 8 cases per 1000 women. As for women, the second most frequent diagnosis group of new cases was mood (affective) disorder — more than 5 cases per 1000 women. The second frequent diagnosis group for men was mental and behavioural disorder due to psychoactive substance (alcohol, narcotic substances) use, from which almost a fifth of men consulted by a psychiatrist suffered. There were four times more men than women with such a diagnosis with 4 first-time cases per 1000 men registered.

Of the mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use in 2016, 67% were caused by the use of alcohol and 19% by the use of opioids. Half of the cases were related to substance dependence.

At the time of the publication of the 2016 data on mental and behavioural disorders, the data on involuntarily hospitalized persons directed to coercive treatment by court for the period 2011–2015 were corrected due to revisions to the data of health care providers. In the years 2011–2016 there were less than 200 persons in a year directed to coercive treatment by court, at most 194 persons in 2012.

The statistics on mental and behavioural disorders in 2016 has been published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database of National Institute for Health Development. The data is accessible under the database topics "Morbidity" -> "Mental and behavioural disorders".

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Life expectancy and healthy life years 2016

26 SEPTEMBER 2017

The average life expectancy at birth was 77.8 years in 2016. Men's life expectancy was 73.2 and for women 81.9 years. The proportion of time lived without health-related limitations affecting daily activities, or so called healthy life years, formed 54.2 years for men and 58.7 years for women of average life expectancy.

Statistics Estonia data about life expectancy and healthy life years in 2016 has added to Health Statistics and Health Research Database under subject "Population" -> Life expectancy and Healthy life years.

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Artificial insemination, 2016

19 JULY 2017

The 2016 data of artificial insemination is published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database under the topic “Diagnostics and therapeutic procedures” (tables KV10–KV14).

In 2015, with clinical pregnancy ended 800 artificial inseminations, which is 28% of performed assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles.

In 2016, 369 children were born via artificial insemination in Estonia according to Estonian Medical Birth Registry. It accounts 2.6% of live births. This share has remained the same as in the previous year.

Estonian State Agency of Medicines data shows that 2732 ART cycle procedures took place in 2016. Compared with 2015, it has decreased by 3.6%. It decreased most – 10.1% – for age group 41 and older. This is also age group, who has to pay by themselves for their costs of infertility treatment. Women who have medical indication and is up to 40 years old, their costs is covered by Estonian Health Insurance Fund.

Most common used artificial insemination method was ICSI – 40% of all ART cycles were performed using ICSI method. Another popular method was FET – 33% of all ART cycles were performed using FET method.

Similarly to previous year, most commonly two embryos were transferred during one procedure. At the same time, the transplantation of several embryos during one procedure has decreased compared to 2015: transplantation of two embryos by 8.2% and three embryos by 16.9%. Single embryo transplantation has increased by 11.2%.

According to the Ministry of Social Affairs, artificial insemination related cost formed 1.544 million Euros total, which was 0.7% less than in 2015.

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Breast and cervical cancer screening target population and coverage by examination, 2015–2016

31 AUGUST 2017

In 2016, 56.3% of women attended mammography screening, who were invited to breast cancer screening programme. The coverage by examination was even lower among women, who were invited to cervical cancer screening – 45.9%, according to data of National Institute for Health Development.

Estonian Cancer Screening Registry's 2015 and 2016 data about breast and cervical cancer screening programme target population and coverage by examination is published in Health Statistics and Health Research Database.

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Hospital beds, 2016 preliminary data

04 JULY 2017

Inpatient and day care beds preliminary statistics for 2016 are released. Additionally, hospital beds' data about the hospitals that belong to the Hospital Master Plan (tables HH08, RV701, RV711) are also available in the database.

According to preliminary data, 225,301 patients got inpatient care during 2016 (198,380 adults and 26,921 children); and 81,812 patients were treated in day care (72,924 adults and 8888 children). The average length of stay in inpatient care was 8.2 days and the average number of patients per hospital bed during a year (bed turnover) was 32.9. The number of day care patients has increased by 3.8%, but has decreased in inpatient care by 2.9% when compared to 2015. 

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