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The number of newborns with illness has increased


Nearly one third of newborns were diagnosed with an illness when they are born in 2016. The number of newborn illnesses increased by 3.8% compared to 2015.

Similarly to previous years, most of the illnesses diagnosed belonged to the group 'other newborn diseases', followed by disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, and congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities.

According to the data from Medical Birth Registry, 14,002 children were born in 2016. Of those, 3,885 were born with an illness. Total of 7,242 illnesses were diagnosed. Data about incidence of newborns are available here.

Estonian Causes of Death Registry registered 49 stillbirths in 2016. Major cause of stillbirths was intrauterine hypoxia. Data about stillbirths are published here.



Health care providers 2016


The 2016 data for health care providers is published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database (tables TTO10, TTO11 and TTO60).

1,406 independent health care providers were active in Estonia at the end of year 2016, including 53 hospitals, 459 family doctor's offices, 478 dental care providers, 288 specialist health care providers and 128 other (emergency medical care, rehabilitation care, nursing care, diagnostics) providers.



The number of diagnoses of mental and behavioural disorders increased last year


Despite the decrease in the number of visits to a psychiatrist as well as in the number of patients, more mental and behavioural disorders were diagnosed in 2016 than a year ago.

According to the data collected from psychiatric service providers, there were 99,388 persons consulted for the first time or repeatedly by psychiatrists in 2016, i.e. almost 2% less than in 2015. Since 2013 the number of psychiatrists’ patients has been steadily decreasing.

According to the preliminary data, there were 247,000 outpatient visits to a psychiatrist in Estonia in 2016, i.e. 2.7 visits per case of mental or behavioural disorder on average (2.8 visits per case in 2015). Usually more women than men visit a psychiatrist, but among 0–14 year old patients there are twice as many boys as girls.

91,033 persons were diagnosed with a mental or behavioural disorder, i.e. 3.3% more than in 2015. The rest of persons consulted by a psychiatrist were found to be healthy or were diagnosed with the diseases of the nervous system. 25,732 new cases of mental and behavioural disorders were registered (2.7% more than a year ago). In recent years the number of persons directed to hospital treatment has been decreasing and compared to 2015 there was 5% less hospitalized persons in 2016. The average duration of treatment was 18 days.

The most frequently diagnosed mental and behavioural disorders are neurotic and stress-related disorders, and mood disorders (including depression), which were diagnosed accordingly in 24% and 21% of cases. A third of new cases were diagnosed as neurotic and stress-related disorder: the incidence rates were 5 cases per 1000 men and almost 8 cases per 1000 women. As for women, the second most frequent diagnosis group of new cases was mood (affective) disorder — more than 5 cases per 1000 women. The second frequent diagnosis group for men was mental and behavioural disorder due to psychoactive substance (alcohol, narcotic substances) use, from which almost a fifth of men consulted by a psychiatrist suffered. There were four times more men than women with such a diagnosis with 4 first-time cases per 1000 men registered.

Of the mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use in 2016, 67% were caused by the use of alcohol and 19% by the use of opioids. Half of the cases were related to substance dependence.

At the time of the publication of the 2016 data on mental and behavioural disorders, the data on involuntarily hospitalized persons directed to coercive treatment by court for the period 2011–2015 were corrected due to revisions to the data of health care providers. In the years 2011–2016 there were less than 200 persons in a year directed to coercive treatment by court, at most 194 persons in 2012.

The statistics on mental and behavioural disorders in 2016 has been published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database of National Institute for Health Development. The data is accessible under the database topics "Morbidity" -> "Mental and behavioural disorders".



Dental care providers and treatment possibilities 2016


There were 533 dental care providers at the end of 2016 in Estonia, which is 14 more than the year before. One-tenth of the dental care providers offers beside dental care also other health care services. About 40% of all dental care providers are located in Tallinn and about one-tenth in Tartu.

Altogether, 7 dental care providers stopped working, and 15 started or resumed working in 2016. The number of clinics that are offering orthodontic treatment increased the most – 6%. The number of clinics that are offering dental surgery procedures increased also a bit (4,3%). Prosthetic services and clinics that have the possibility to make x-ray examinations continued to increase slightly. 97% of clinics offers only dental care, it means that 3% of dental care clinics are specialized solely in prosthetic treatment, orthodontic treatment or x-ray examinations.

Prosthetic services offered 68%, orthodontic 10%, endodontic 93%, parodontic 65%, dental surgery procedures 41% and x-ray examinations 79% of the dental clinics in 2016.

Data is available in database table TTO40.



Life expectancy and healthy life years 2016


The average life expectancy at birth was 77.8 years in 2016. Men's life expectancy was 73.2 and for women 81.9 years. The proportion of time lived without health-related limitations affecting daily activities, or so called healthy life years, formed 54.2 years for men and 58.7 years for women of average life expectancy.

Statistics Estonia data about life expectancy and healthy life years in 2016 has added to Health Statistics and Health Research Database under subject "Population" -> Life expectancy and Healthy life years.