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Hospitals' emergency department patients, 2018

15 MAY 2019

The data about emergency medical care of 2018 is published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.
The total number of patients who visited the Emergency Department (ED) increased by 4% in 2018 compared to 2017. The increase has occurred both among children as well as adults – 2.5% and 4%, respectively. In 2018, 492,312 persons turned to ED, i.e. an average of 1,350 persons a day.
In 2018, 19 hospitals provided emergency medical care. The number of emergency patients increased the most in general hospitals, by 8.5% compared to the previous year. In regional and central hospitals, the increase was smaller – 2.5% and 3%, respectively.

As in the previous years, patients turned to ED mostly themselves (73% of patients). One fifth of patients were brought to emergency care by ambulance car, 6% were referred from other medical institutions. The rest, about 2% of patients, were brought by the police, called back by ED if, for example, the patient's health condition had worsened, or a recurring procedure was needed, or hospital's own healthcare staff needed emergency care. The number of patients directed from other medical institutions or arrived in other ways decreased.

Most patients of emergency care were sent home after first aid (81%) and one fifth of patients remained in hospital.

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Communicable diseases and immunization 2018

14 MAY 2019

New data for 2018 has been added to Health Statistics and Health Research Database from our collaboration partner Health Board – selected registered communicable diseases and immunization.

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Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2017/2018

07 MAY 2019

Data from the survey Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (2017/2018) were published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.

According to the study, 86% of Estonian students aged 11, 13 and 15 mostly rate their health as good or very good. However, boys are more satisfied with their health and life than girls.

The results show that smoking starts later. If in 2014, 44% of the 15-year-olds started smoking at the age of 13 or earlier, then in 2018 the proportion was 28%. Smoking once a week or more remained the same, averaging 5%. 52% of those who tried smoking started with an e-cigarette.

Like cigarette smoking, alcohol is first consumed at a later age. However, alcohol consumption and especially getting drunk is still a problem among youth. The latest study showed some positive change: if in 2014, 30% of 15-year-olds got drunk a two or more times in their lifetime, then in 2018 the proportion was 27%. Although getting drunk and smoking have declined significantly year after year, the risk behavior of boys and girls has become more similar.

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study was carried out in Estonia for the seventh time in spring 2018. 4727 fifth, seventh and ninth grade students from all over Estonia participated in the study, who gave their own assessments of their health and behavior. The survey is part of a WHO international study, which takes place every fourth year. 49 countries/regions in the WHO European Region and North America participates in the international network (www.hbsc.org).

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Statistics of medicines and pharmacies 2018

09 MAY 2019

Statistics on consumption of medicines, prescriptions in general pharmacies (table RT01), pharmacies (table TTO50), pharmacies’ personnel (table THT030) and turnover of pharmacies (tables TK30, TK31) for 2018 compiled by the State Agency of Medicines have published in Health Statistics and Health Research Database.

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Blood donations and use of blood components 2018

10 APRIL 2019

The 2018 data for donors and use of blood components were published in Health Statistics and Health Research Database. 31,329 people donated blood for nearly 53,900 times during last year (in 2017: 31,734 and 55,057 respectively). On average, every donor donated blood 1.7 times, which has been stable in the last several years. The number of first-time donors was 5,099, which is 0.3% higher than year before.
The number of apheresis donors was 666 and the number of apheresis procedures was 3,367. That makes on average 5.1 procedures per every apheresis donor.
Last year, almost 14,000 blood transmissions were carried out in hospitals, including 3% for children aged 0–14 years.

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