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Life expectancy and healthy life years, 2018

09 SEPTEMBER 2019

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2018, life expectancy at birth was 73.9 years for males and 82.4 years for females. Life expectancy has increased for both sexes, slightly more for males. Men are expected to live disability-free for 52.8 and women for 55.6 years. Just a year ago, disability-free life expectancy for males was two years longer and for females over three years longer.

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Cancer screening programmes coverage by examination, 2018

29 AUGUST 2019

In 2018, 52.8% of women attended mammography screening, who were invited to breast cancer screening programme in Estonia. The screening coverage was lower among those, who were invited to cervical cancer or colorectal cancer screening – 45.3% and 50.1% respectively, according to data of National Institute for Health Development.

Estonian Cancer Screening Registry's 2018 data about cancer screening programme target population and coverage by examination is published in Health Statistics and Health Research Database.

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In 2018, the use of infertility treatment in Estonia increased

17 JULY 2019

Estonian State Agency of Medicines data shows 3011 assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycle procedures in 2018, having increased by 5% compared to 2017. In 2014–2016, the number of ART cycles decreased, while since 2017, the ART cycles are again increasing.

In 2018, most frequently used ART method was frozen embryo transfer (FET) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – both 36% of all ART cycles. ICSI method is used in case of sever male infertility. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) was the method least used, representing only 10 % of all ART cycles.
Compared to the year 2017, the use of IUI method (25%) increased the most. This is the procedure where sperm is placed directly in the woman’s womb with a special catheter. IUI is performed for male infertility problems or female infertility due to cervical issues. The costs of this method are not covered by state.

In 2018, FET and ICSI are the most frequently used methods in all age groups. Infertility treatment increased most among 40-year-old women (27%) and treatments decreased among 41 and older women. Infertility treatment is most commonly used among two younger age groups – 34-year-old and younger women and 35–39-year-old women. Almost half of the ART cycles were performed for age group 34 and younger.

Until 2016, two embryos were most frequently transferred during one procedure. Since 2017, this trend changed and the most common was the single embryo transplantation. In 2018, the single embryo transplantation has increased 20% compared to the previous year. The number of transferred embryos and zygotes increased about 2% compared to 2017.

In 2018, state spending on infertility treatment services was 2.481 million euros, having increased by 4 % compared to 2017.

In 2017, artificial inseminations ended with 890 clinical pregnancy, which is 30% of performed ART cycles. In most cases, partner donation was used (83%) following the usage of donor egg (7%) and donor sperm (7%). ART side effects occurred in 10 patients.

In 2018, 444 children were born via artificial insemination in Estonia according to Estonian Medical Birth Registry. This is 14 children more than in 2017 and it accounts 3% of all live births.

 

Detailed data have been published in the statistical database (see tables KV10–KV14) and visualized data can be found here:

kunstlikv2018

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Infant breastfeeding, 2018

01 AUGUST 2019

In Estonia, 65% of three months old and 24% of six months old infants were exclusively breastfed* in 2018. Compared to previous year, the indicator of infants breastfeeding in 2018 was similar – three months old infants who were exclusively breastfed increased by 1 percentage point and for the indicator of six months old infants increased by 0.4 percentage points. Both indicators of infants at six and twelve months of age who were exclusively and/or partially breastfed also increased by 2 percentage points, reaching 72 and 34 percent of infants up to the age of one respectively.
Compared to 2013, six months old infants who were exclusively breastfed has decreased by 18 percentage points, but the increase took place for partially breastfed twelve months old infants by 9 percentage points.
Infant breastfeeding data is published at Health Statistics and Health Research Database, tables SR90 and SR91.
*Exclusively breastfed infants — infants who are fed exclusively with breast milk (incl. pumped breast milk). Additionally, they may get vitamins and medicaments, but not tea, water, juice, infant formulas or anything else what would replace meal.

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Mental and behavioural disorders, 2018

20 JUNE 2019

The number of people with mental and behavioural disorders consulted and cured by psychiatrists in 2018 has been published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.

In 2018, there were 2% more outpatient visits to psychiatrist among adults and 4% less outpatient visits to psychiatrist among children (up to 14 years old) than year before.
Statistical data collected from psychiatric service providers shows that in 2018 nearly 103,600 people turned to psychiatrist outpatient appointment, i.e on average every 13th person in Estonia. Over 90% of them were 15 or older.

The most frequent diagnoses were neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders and mood disorders in 2018, occurring respectively in 25% and 22% of cases. These disorders are more common for women, occurring two times frequently than for men. The most common diagnosis for men was mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use, which were reported nearly four times more than for women. Of the mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use, 74% were caused by the use of alcohol and 13% by the use of opioids.

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