There were 13,925 live births in 2019 in Estonia. Of those, 4,129 were born with a health-related problem or disease.
The incidence rate of newborns per 1,000 live births is increasing year by year. In 2019, the incidence rate per 1,000 newborns was 296. A newborn baby may have multiple health related problems or conditions. In 2019, the average number of health-related problems or diseases per one newborn was two.
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (10.8%), disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight (10.7%) and infections specific to perinatal period (10%) were equally common. As in previous years, in 2019 the most (28%) health problems were diagnosed, which are collected in health statistics under other diseases of newborns (incl. mild health problems, feeding difficulties of the newborn, as well as rare diseases and conditions).