16 MAY 2019
Overview of new cases, relapses and retreatment cases of tuberculosis in 2018 is published in Health Statistics and Health Research database. Preliminary data of treatment outcome of tuberculosis in 2018 is also available. In 2018, total of 147 cases of tuberculosis was registered in Estonia. In 2017, the number was 175.
The tuberculosis notification rate (new cases and retreatment cases) per 100,000 population was 11.1 and incidence rate (new cases) per 100 000 population was 9.2 in 2018.
15 MAY 2019
The data about emergency medical care of 2018 is published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.
The total number of patients who visited the Emergency Department (ED) increased by 4% in 2018 compared to 2017. The increase has occurred both among children as well as adults – 2.5% and 4%, respectively. In 2018, 492,312 persons turned to ED, i.e. an average of 1,350 persons a day.
In 2018, 19 hospitals provided emergency medical care. The number of emergency patients increased the most in general hospitals, by 8.5% compared to the previous year. In regional and central hospitals, the increase was smaller – 2.5% and 3%, respectively.
As in the previous years, patients turned to ED mostly themselves (73% of patients). One fifth of patients were brought to emergency care by ambulance car, 6% were referred from other medical institutions. The rest, about 2% of patients, were brought by the police, called back by ED if, for example, the patient's health condition had worsened, or a recurring procedure was needed, or hospital's own healthcare staff needed emergency care. The number of patients directed from other medical institutions or arrived in other ways decreased.
Most patients of emergency care were sent home after first aid (81%) and one fifth of patients remained in hospital.
09 MAY 2019
Statistics on consumption of medicines, prescriptions in general pharmacies (table RT01), pharmacies (table TTO50), pharmacies’ personnel (table THT030) and turnover of pharmacies (tables TK30, TK31) for 2018 compiled by the State Agency of Medicines have published in Health Statistics and Health Research Database.
14 MAY 2019
New data for 2018 has been added to Health Statistics and Health Research Database from our collaboration partner Health Board – selected registered communicable diseases and immunization.
07 MAY 2019
Data from the survey Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (2017/2018) were published in the Health Statistics and Health Research Database.
According to the study, 86% of Estonian students aged 11, 13 and 15 mostly rate their health as good or very good. However, boys are more satisfied with their health and life than girls.
The results show that smoking starts later. If in 2014, 44% of the 15-year-olds started smoking at the age of 13 or earlier, then in 2018 the proportion was 28%. Smoking once a week or more remained the same, averaging 5%. 52% of those who tried smoking started with an e-cigarette.
Like cigarette smoking, alcohol is first consumed at a later age. However, alcohol consumption and especially getting drunk is still a problem among youth. The latest study showed some positive change: if in 2014, 30% of 15-year-olds got drunk a two or more times in their lifetime, then in 2018 the proportion was 27%. Although getting drunk and smoking have declined significantly year after year, the risk behavior of boys and girls has become more similar.
Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study was carried out in Estonia for the seventh time in spring 2018. 4727 fifth, seventh and ninth grade students from all over Estonia participated in the study, who gave their own assessments of their health and behavior. The survey is part of a WHO international study, which takes place every fourth year. 49 countries/regions in the WHO European Region and North America participates in the international network (www.hbsc.org).